Exercise is an effective treatment for all sorts or arthritis including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Regular physical activity and maintenance of muscle strength is likely to reduce your chance of getting osteoarthritis unless you get significant joint injuries (Valderrabano 2011)
Both strength training and aerobic exercise will reduce your arthritis pain. (Messier 2012)
Arthritis puts you at a higher risk of death and serious cardiovascular illness, so as well as improving your pain and function, exercise reduces your risk of these too (Hawker 2014)
Rest is NOT recommended in arthritis even if you have painful joints; you may just need to modify the type of exercise you do. Getting professional advice on exercise techniques is important for your joints (ARUK 2014; Metsios 2008)
Hydrotherapy (exercise in a swimming pool) is particularly good if you have severe joint problems or are overweight.
- Choose shoes and insoles that have high shock absorption
- Avoid high impact and contact sports as the risk of damage to your joints may be higher
- Avoid early morning exercise as joint stiffness/pain can be worse
- It may be useful to take your painkillers 20-30 minutes before exercising
If you suffer from increased pain lasting more than two hours after exercise or during the night or next day you have done too much exercise – increase the amount you do gradually.